Eyebrows are the frame of the face.
They are adornment and beauty – style resources, but also help communicate and must protect of the eyes against moisture and Sun.
In particular, are and they were always the expression of different ideals of beauty.
In ancient Egypt, women and men made strong. This had of course aesthetic reasons, but also hygienic and religious.
The makeup should keep away evil spirits and served in honor of the gods. According to the Greek historian Herodotus all inhabitants of a House shaved eyebrows up, if is a cat died.
The bust of Nefertiti (1345 BC) on the right shows the Pharaoh’s wife with high, black, perfectly curved eyebrows. Dark eyebrows were together with Blacken shows part of the Egyptian look.
The eyebrows were shaved or plucked, and then tightened. The dark makeup included the dubious elements of manganese oxide and Galena (Galena) in addition to soot and iron oxide. The silver Galena is highly toxic in contact with skin. Cosmetics were a really dangerous proposition until the modern era.
The ancient Greeks had their own make-up rituals and ideals, including dense and dark eyebrows.
Women use minerals crushed like the Egyptians to blacken her eyebrows. Fashionable said that was part of the uni-brow, so continuous or knit eyebrows.
The uni brow or Mono brow appeared also to the Romans.
Authors from both cultures describe women who use fake eyebrows. This “eyebrow wigs” were made from goat hair and glued with tree resins.
Reason may have been the use of lead white as a skin-brightening Primer for using false eyebrows. Through these toxic make-up used in the 18th century, which had many serious side effects, the facial hairs were often.
Mono Brow in the Middle East
These days mesh transitioning eyebrows as a really serious beauty would be considered flaws, but the uni brow was actually a Beauty ideals in various cultures throughout history.
A Byzantine mosaic in 548 BC shows, for example, the Empress Theodora, wife of Justinian, for eyes blackened with Khol and perfectly shaped uni brow.
During the Qajar dynasty in Iran (1785-1925), connected eyebrows were regarded as good to see such as right to a qajarischen Princess.
Perfect brewing in Japan were always in More importantly place in the makeup. Naturalness was thereby not necessarily desirable.
In the Heian period (794-1185) removed the eyebrow hairs completely noble ladies and drew an elaborate high arc instead. This trend was called “Hikimayu”.
In the 12th century, the look at the Imperial Court reached its extreme high point: extra long straight black hair to white powder face, red lips with blackened teeth (!) and painted-on eyebrows in cloud-like oval high on the forehead.
The ideal of beauty in women was a mask-like face, which showed no expressions of feeling. The eyebrows painted high on the forehead helped thus to hide feelings.
During the economic growth in the Edo period in the 17th and 18th centuries a strict social order prevailed in Japan, also the beauty was subject to certain rules.
Depending on the shape and wearing the eyebrows, they could do inferences on the age and the social status of the women’s at the time.
Shaving the brewing has been ritualized, because in the wedding ceremony the eyebrow hair of the bride have been removed. Only after the birth of the first child were allowed to grow back hair.
Middle Ages and Renaissance
In medieval Europe, a possible light complexion with very high-brow was announced in women, to the hairline and eyebrows shaved or plucked.
Also should the eyebrows super thin, fine and light. By rubbing a example you tried with walnut oil, to prevent the growth of eyebrows and with various other tinctures, to bleach the eyebrows.
This fashion continued up to the reign of Queen put on Elizabeth I, who placed a very high value on their appearance and lots of lead white, which was hardly conducive to their health. May she launched the look, to have no eyebrows known by you – so because she had fallen off her.
Baroque and Rococo
In the 17th and 18th century there was a comeback of full eyebrows.
The extreme pale complexion, which was achieved with white lead, was still modern. Because the hair growth on the face affected was pulled through the toxic additives in the primer, you reverted as already in ancient times on false eyebrows.
These were but in contrast to the ancient Rome of mouse fur (!) and subject of inwe verses to the eyebrows-mouse catching:
On little things, as sages write,
Depends our human joy or sorrow,
If we don’t catch a mouse tonight,
Alas! No eyebrows for tomorrow.
In 1718, the poet Matthew wrote prior:
Helen was just slip into bed
Her eyebrows on the toilet lay
Away the kitten with them fled
As fees belonging to her prey.
The 20th century brought many changes, including commercial cosmetic products.
T.L.. Williams “Lash-Brow-Ine” was created in 1919, by his sister Mabel inspired, who wore Vaseline mixed with coal dust on eyelashes and eyebrows. He will call his cosmetic product line therefore later for his sister Mabelline.
A major innovation was the silent film, in which the facial expressions of the actors was very important. Not without reason, eyebrows were so strongly stressed in the silent film era.
The eyebrows were plucked extremely thin and very long in black perfectly. It carried oil to make them shine. The glamorous actresses were the beauty idols of the time and have been often imitated.
The most dramatic eyebrows of the modern era are part of the makeups of the ANSWERMBA.
They were line-thin and highly exaggerated. Actresses such as Marlene Dietrich and Greta Garbo shaved the brewing is complete, and drew up at a higher point in a strong arc.
Almost clownartige eyebrows, which you can see on the title screen, Jean Harlows became her signature style.
Some actresses shaved eyebrows himself for rolls of film and then had the misfortune that they never grew up:
For her first film role as a blonde slave in “Roman Scandals” (1933), Lucille was been prompted ball to remove the eyebrows. She had to trace it is for the rest of their lives.
Also Lana Turner had removed their eyebrows for “The Adventures of Marco Polo” (1938), so that they could be traced in an Asian style.
You never grew and Lana Turner stuck false eyebrows on himself. Her daughter Cheryl Crane said she saw her mother only twice at all without her fake eyebrows.
In the 40s, then more natural eyebrows were announced, during the 1950s, a decade of very stressed and broad eyebrows are.
Just think of the extreme eyebrows by Audrey Hepburn.
Major makeup art you can see links to the eyebrows by Sophia Loren. The eyebrows completely consist of vertically drawn strokes that give the appearance of hairs.
At the end of the 60s has revealed the makeup artist Italo Fava, who worked on the film set for the films of Federico Fellini for Max Factor, that would Sophia Loren shave their eyebrows and artfully trace, because they grow too deep over the eyes and its a natural form their opinion sad facial expression would.
The seventies are a time of extremely thin and fine line traced eyebrows then again. Here the fashionable bow shows the 30 years ago. In the 80s, the eyebrows look is again wider and natural, while he falls back in the 90’s into the thin extreme.
In the 21st century changed even faster, what is just said. It is difficult to establish even a certain look for a long period of time like 10 years. Individual preferences determine the image, which is also pretty likely